Selasa, 25 November 2008



CLASS / PROGRAMME : Grade 10 / General
DAY / DATE : Saturday, December 5, 2007
TIME : 07.00 - 09.00


Listen to the following radio programme very carefully and then fill in the details below.
You will hear the radio program twice.

Presenter : Our series on ‘Campaigners’ …(1) tonight with Carol Dean …(2)… about the life of Martin Luther King.

Reader : Martin Luther King was …(3)… on the 15th of January, 1929, in …(4)… Georgia, in the deep …(5)…. He lived with his parents, …(6)…, brother, and sister. He was an …(7) boy. When he was young, Martin …(8)… went to the church because his family was very …(9)….

Reader : Martin’s first …(10)… of racism was when a white woman …(11) him not to play with her …(12)… boys. But Martin didn’t think he was …(13)…, because his parents always told him that black and white people were ….

At the age of fifteen, he made an …(15)… speech at school and won a …(16)…. On the way home from school, the bus was …(17)… and the driver told Martin and his …(18)… (who was also black) to give their …(19)… to two white …(20)…. Martin didn’t want to and the driver …(21)… him. In the end, Martin stood up, but he never …(22)… the experience.

When he was at …(23)… he read a lot and the person who …(24)… him most was the Indian …(25)…. Mahatma Gandhi. Martin liked his ideas about …(26)… protest.

In 1965, Martin started to …(27)… a boycott of buses. Black people stopped using the buses …(28)… they had to give up their seats to whites. White extremists …(29)… black people and bombed Martin’s house. …(30)…, Blacks and whites were able to sit …(31)… on buses. It was Martin Luther King’s first …(32)….

In the …(33)…s, there was terrible racial violence …(34)… blacks and whites in the USA. Martin organized marches and peaceful …(35)…. He went to prison seventeen times. In …(36)… he organized a march to Washington and …(37)… a million people came to the meeting. This is where he made his most …(38)… speech.

Martin Luther King : I have a …(39)… that my four little children will one day live in a nation where they will not be …(40)… by the colour of their …(41)…, but by the content of their characters … all God’s children, black men and white men, Jews and Gentiles, protestants and Catholics, will be able to join hands and sing in the …(42)… of that old Negro spiritual’ Free at last! Free at last. Thank God Almighty, we are free at last!”

Reader : In 1964, Martin Luther King …(43)… the Nobel Peace Prize. But there were more problems and more marches. In …(44)…, a white extremist killed him.

End of listening section


Text 1

In 1979. Mother Teresa won the Nobel Prize for Peace. This book tells about her life-long work with poor people and how she finally became famous.
Yugoslavia. She was born in 1910. At the age of 18, she decided to become a nun. The catholic religion was very important to her. But for her, the most important part of the religion was helping other people. She especially wanted to help the poor people in India.
She first worked as a schoolteacher in India. But her students were not poor people. So, Finally she left the school. That was when she began her real life’s work. She walked the streets in Indian cities looking for people who needed help. She gave them food, clothing or medicine.
After a while, other nuns began to help her. She built hospitals and schools for the poor. She also started a special group of nuns called the Order of the Missionaries of Charity. They began to work with the poor people in many countries around the world.
Important people sometimes gave Mother Teresa money or cars for her work. But the money and cars always went to the poor people. She lived very simply and worked very hard. The Nobel Prize gave her $1000.000. She will use this money to continue her work. This book gives many interesting details about her life and work. We may not be able to give our lives to the poor like Mother Teresa. But we can learn a lot from her.

1. The text is about … .
a. Nobel Prize
b. Mother Teresa
c. Mother Teresa’s activities
d. the Missionaries of charity

2. Paragraph 5 mainly discusses … .
a. the Nobel prize
b. Mother Teresa’s life
c. the use of Mother Teresa’s money
d. the people who gave her money

3. Which of the following is true according to the text?
a. Mother Teresa always worked alone
b. Mother Teresa was an Indian
c. Mother Teresa used the Nobel Prize For traveling
d. Mother Teresa is famous because she helped poor people

4. … of the Missionaries of Charity (paragraph 4)
The underlined word mean … .
a. honesty
b. rudeness
c. deceit
d. kindness

5. She will use this money to continue … . (paragraph 5)
What does the phrase ‘this money’ refer to?
a. the Nobel Prize
b. $100.000
c. the money from Charity
d. the money for poor people

Text 2

Please follow these procedures in order to make a machine withdrawal from your City Bank checking or saving accounts:

Insert your card face up into the card slot on the machine teller.
Enter your four-digit identification number on the numbered buttons.
Press the withdrawal button for checking or the button for savings.
Enter the amount of withdrawal, either fifty or one hundred dollars, on the numbered buttons, and wait for receipt to be printed.
Remove your card from the slot. The drawer will open with receipt and your cash withdrawal in fifty-dollar packets.

All customers are limited to two withdrawals in one twenty-four-hour period. If you attempt to withdraw more than the limited number of times, your card will be retained in the machine, and you will have to reclaim it in person at your main branch bank.

6. What is the passage about?
a. How to make a loan at City Bank.
b. How to open an account at City Bank.
c. How to use the City Bank machine teller.
d. How to make deposit and withdrawals at City Bank.

7. All of the following steps must be performed in order to withdraw money from your accounts, except … .
a. Your card must be inserted in the machine.
b. The card must be reclaimed in person from a bank teller.
c. Your card should be removed from the slot
d. The amount of withdrawal must be entered.

8. Paragraph 2 talks about … .
a. the location of machine
b. the form of the card
c. the requirements for the customers
d. the limited withdrawal

9. Remove your card from the slot (paragraph 1)
The underlined word means … .
a. envelope
b. box
c. machine
d. drawer

10. What happens if you fail to withdraw more than the limited number of times … .
a. Please keep on trying
b. taken by the bank teller
c. try once again
d. the card will be retained in the machine

Text 3

In 776 B.C., the first Olympic Games were held at the foot of Mount Olympus to honor the Greek’s chief god, Zeus. The warm climate for outdoor activities, the need for preparedness in war, and their life style caused the Greeks to create competitive sports. Only the elite and military could participate at first, but later the games were open to all free Greek males who had no criminal record. The Greeks emphasized physical fitness and strength in their education of youth. Therefore, contests in running, jumping, discus and javelin throwing, boxing, and horse and chariot racing were held in individual cities, and the winners completed every four years at Mount Olympus. Winners were greatly honoured by having olive wreaths placed on their heads and having poems sung about their deeds. Originally these contests were held as games of friendship, and any wars in progress were halted to allow the games to take place. They also helped to strengthen bonds among competitors and the different cities represented.
The Greeks attached so much importance to the games that they calculated time in four-year cycles called “Olympiads”, dating from 776 B.C. The contests coincided with religious festivities and constituted an all-out effort on the part of the participants to please the gods. Any who disobeyed the rules were dismissed and seriously punished. These athletes brought shame not only for themselves, but also to the cities they represented.

11. Which of the following sentements is not true?
a. Winners placed olive wreaths on their own heads.
b. The games were held in Greece every four years.
c. Battles were interrupted to participate in the games.
d. Poems glorified the winners in song.

12. The word ‘elite’ in paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to … .
a. Brave
b. Intellectuals
c. Aristrocracy
d. Experts

13. Why were the Olympic Games held?
a. to stop wars
b. to honour Zeus
c. to crown the best athletes
d. to honor the winners

14. What is the main idea of the passage?
a. Physical fitness was an integral part of the lives the Ancient Greeks.
b. The Greeks severely punished those who did not participate in the games.
c. Olympic Games bring a bad effect among the members
d. The Greek held the games only for religious aim, then they will go back to war when the games were over.

15. What is an ‘Olympiad?’
a. The time it took to finish the games.
b. The time it took to finish the war.
c. The time it took the athletes to train.
d. The time between games.

Text 4

When the scientists are trying to understand a particular set of phenomena, they often make use of a “model.” A model, in the scientist’ sense, is a kind of analogy or mental image of the phenomena in terms of something we are familiar with. One example is the wave model of light. We cannot see light as if it were made up of waves because experiment on light indicate that it behaves in many respects as waves do.

The purpose of a model is to give us a mental or visual picture-something to hold onto-when we cannot see what is actually happening. Models often give us a deeper understanding: the analogy to a known system (for instance, water waves in above examples) can suggest new experiment to perform and can provide ideas about what other related phenomena might occur.

16. The author is concerned with an explanation of the term … .
a. wave
b. model
c. analogy
d. all of the above

17. Another example of a scientific model would be … .
a. map
b. a paper airplane
c. an atom
d. a light bulb

18. Why are models necessary?
a. They connect invisible phenomena to those we are familiar with.
b. Scientists could not experiment without them.
c. They give the scientist a sense of security.
d. They provide deeper into workings of the human mind.

19. Models provide us with deeper understanding because … .
a. they make us think about our universe.
b. they were used to represent some other phenomenon
c. they are more precise than theories
d. they indicate further directions and help us make predictions

20. An analogy is … .
a. the study of the universe
b. a comparison
c. the study of light waves
d. the result of scientific investigation

Text 5

In most cases, you can transplant a tree successfully at any time, if you follow the instructions for planting a tree. The most important thing is to dig out enough roots, but this process is difficult with a large tree.

When you dig out the tree, leave a ball of earth around its roots. This ball of earth should measure about a foot wide for every inch of the tree trunk’s diameter. Dig deep enough to avoid cutting off too many taproots. It is wise to call in a professional tree expert to transplant a tree more than a few inches in trunk diameter.

21. Transplanting a tree is … .
a. very different from planting a tree
b. so difficult than an expert should always be called in
c. much like planting a tree
d. done successfully in the right seasons

22. The larger the trunk of the tree you are transplanting … .
a. the less it matter whether you call in a tree expert
b. the more you should avoid cutting off the taproots
c. the larger the ball of earth you must leave around the roots
d. the easier it is to dig out sufficient roots

23. The taproots are … .
a. the heaviest roots
b. the principal, deepest roots
c. the ball of earth
d. the same width as the trunk’s diameter

24. The best time for transplanting a tree is … .
a. spring
b. fall
c. winter
d. any season

25. To decide whether you successfully transplant a tree yourself, you should … .
a. select your location carefully
b. measure the ball of earth around the tree roots
c. measure the diameter of the tree trunk
d. cut off as many taproots you can reach

Questions 26 to 30
Read the following article about the history of codes, and then answer the questions.

26. Why have nations and civilizations used codes?

27. Give two reasons why we find understanding codes more difficult these days!
… .
… .

28. What name was given to the object which enabled people to understand the ancient Egyptian way of communication?

29. What is thought to be the reward of solving the Beale Cipher?

30. How much of the Beale Cipher has been solved?

End of Reading section


You are an exchange student in Australia. You are given a task to write a composition of descriptive text about your country. It covers the people, customs and cultures.
Your composition should be about 150 words long.


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